By: Edgar Romero Vasquez
The lie is part of life on earth, it is in nature, in many ways and to survive. One case is that of the gazelle that jumps as a measure against its predators, for example it tries to show its pursuer that it has extraordinary energy and skill and that it is useless for them to pursue it.
A formidable video of “National Geographic” – “Nat Geo” – shows the experiment of the New Zealand psychologist Jessi Bering, with boys and girls from about 6 years old. A room with a velcro dartboard to shoot sticky balls at, mounted on the wall with a white line on the floor about 6 feet away; throw balls without going over the line and with your back to the wall looking and throwing over the shoulder. It is hard but not impossible. Hidden cameras and one at a time. Prize for how the balls are on the board.
It seeks to see the action of boys and girls facing the difficult challenge and alone; many alone go to the board and hit balls on it, cheat, some open the door to make sure they are alone and then manually place balls on the target.
Repeat with another group but tell them that the “Invisible Princess Alice” will be sitting in a chair watching. The children alone, some touch the chair to see if they feel the princess. The result is that participants are much less likely to cheat. It happens what a supernatural entity and God do in a society.
In a recent publication of “National Geographic” there is a study of lying, of which some causes are: hiding facts 22%, economic benefit 16% personal benefit 18%, evasion 14%.
In “The Blind Spot,” Goleman says, “The mind can protect itself from anxiety by lowering awareness. A blind spot is created, an area where we are prone to blocking our attention and fooling ourselves.”
“Rationalization” has caused serious damage to humanity, as it seeks excuses to give a “logical explanation” to facts that do not want to be seen, neither risks nor consequences. But they happen and follow cynical deception.
My research since the 1990s shows self-harming deception and that lying is evaluated by its effects. I have documented dozens of cases (historical and experimental), e.g. eg Nazis, Pearl Harbor, Milgram and Asch.
The extensive use of lies does not legitimize it, since reason and effects are the metric of good or evil. It is so wrong to justify the existence of lies as utopian ideals against it.
It is a matter of mentalities and human behavior, therefore, in my initiative I focus on the mentalities of Carol Dweck (Stanford, 2007), in the “Prefixed” 40% lie because of their image, no matter what damage or evil. Anything goes.
But in the “Growth Mindset” its characteristics are desirable; later, how to achieve it is a decision, there is a process to make it easier for those who want it to reach it. Which is transformational and possible for a society.
|CHARACTERISTICS OF FIXED MINDSETS|
|OBJECTIVES||LOOKING SMART IS THE MOST IMPORTANT THING|
|EFFORT||IS NEGATIVE: When I work hard I don’t feel very smart|
|ACTION AFTER FAILURES||POWERLESS. UNABLE TO RESTORE
«I’ll try to cheat next time.”
Low in Confidence, Motivation and Performance
|PRINCIPLES AND VALUES||40% LIES AND EVERYTHING IS VALID TO CREATE AND/OR MAINTAIN YOUR OWN IMAGE|
CUEDAC Distance Education University Center, Mexico. Rationalize: the art of self-deception. By Gerardo Eugenio Alvarado Hierro, April 2013: “THE DEFENSE OF THE EGO OR RATIONALIZATION IS A DEFENSE MECHANISM THAT ALL HUMAN BEINGS HAVEgenerates a “plausible” form of argument that facilitates or justifies the actions carried out and/or those that we fail to carry out”.
“Rationalize JUSTIFIES ANY CONDUCT, HOWEVER MORALLY QUESTIONABLE IT MAY BEjustifies stopping acting, no matter how selfish it may seem, justifies thinking and feeling, even if thinking and feeling in a certain way are not politically correct.”
At Pearl Harbor, shared illusions and rationalizations contributed to the United States’ lack of caution, prudence, and defense readiness. They had intercepted messages from Japan and discovered that Japan was arming for an offensive strike somewhere in the Pacific Ocean. Washington took official action warning officials at Pearl Harbor, but his warning was not taken seriously. The Empire of Japan was supposed to be taking action in case its embassies and consulates in enemy territories were taken over.
The US Navy and Army at Pearl Harbor also shared rationalizations for why an attack was unlikely. Some of them include:
“The Japanese would never dare attempt a full-scale surprise assault on Hawaii because they would realize it would precipitate an all-out war, which the United States would surely win.”
“The Pacific fleet concentrated at Pearl Harbor was an important deterrent against air or naval attack.”
“Even if Japan were reckless to attack us (the US), we could safely detect and destroy them in time.”
“Being anchored in the shallow waters of Pearl Harbor, US warships could never be sunk by torpedoes launched from enemy planes; because the torpedoes would run aground with the bottom“; Seriously wrong assumption, since the Japanese had developed torpedoes for use in these shallow depths.
Radar detections one hour before the Japanese attack of Japanese planes were not taken into account, as they wrongly assumed that they were US planes coming from the mainland. An hour’s notice before the attack would have saved many lives and material.
POWER OF SITUATION OR ENVIRONMENT: DETERMINES THE BEHAVIOR OF THE INDIVIDUAL. According to Lewin: Individual Behavior (Mentality) = Individual + Social Environment. SEE IMAGES RationalizationLie